INSTRUCTIONS FOR MAKING BORNS POLISH SAUSAGE Pork or a combination of Pork, Beef, Elk, Venison, or Antelope may be used
INGREDIENTS FOR 25 POUNDS OF POLISH SAUSAGE If you like your sausage to be a little more moist you should use a 70-30 mix of pork and the red meat beef or game that you are using. For a dryer sausage use a 50-50 mix. Everybody has different tastes so the following is what I have used over many years and have found it to be the most favored combination. This sausage was traditionally made with 100 percent pork and the seasoning works well for that also. Make sure if you do this that you use at least 80 percent lean pork
10 lbs - Lean beef, elk, venison, or antelope if using wild game, be sure to trim away all fat and cartilage as this will give your sausage a poor taste.
15 lbs. - Pork trim 80 percent lean
3 pts. - Cold water
Seasoning - Born's seasoning for 25 lbs. Polish Sausage
STEP 1: DICING AND MIXING Be sure the meat temperature stays at 34 degrees F to 40 degrees F during preparation. Work rapidly with cold meat or refrigerate small batches as necessary. Grind all meat through a half inch or three quarter" plate or dice the meat into 1" cubes. Mix the sodium nitrate curing agent with Born's Polish Sausage seasoning. Sprinkle the spices evenly over the meat and mix the meat and spices thoroughly using a kneading motion similar to mixing dough. Once the spices are mixed, add the Soy Bits. This will give your sausage that traditional polish sausage texture and help to seal in moisture when smoking and cooking. Some producers opt to not use the soy, and others use other agents such as powdered milk. I have found this grade and grind of soy to work the best
STEP 2: CURING OPTIONAL After the spices & soy bits are thoroughly mixed with the meat, pack the meat, not over 6" deep, into a non-metallic tub. Be sure the meat is packed down very tightly to eliminate all air pockets. Hold in refrigerator at 35 degrees F to 40 degrees F for 24 to 48 hours. This process helps tenderize the meat, gives it flavor and helps to preserve it.
STEP 3:GRINDING AND STUFFING Grind the cured meat through 1-8" or 3-16" plate depending on your desired texture. After grinding, add 3 pints cold water and mix the meat thoroughly, kneading it like a dough mixture. When it is thoroughly mixed, it is ready for stuffing. Stuff into 35mm to 38mm pre-flushed hog casings or collagen, then twist the stuffed casings at 5-6" intervals to make the sausage and hang them, evenly spaced and not touching, on a smoke stick. Follow the directions for smoking or refrigerate immediately if you plan to have someone else smoke the sausage for you. You may opt to stop at this step and wrap your sausage for freezing. Many opt to keep their Polish Sausage fresh not smoked or precooked, I prefer a light smoke which is only enhanced when grilling this tremendous sausage.
STEP 4:SMOKING Before smoking, dry sausage in smoke house with smoke house temperature of 100 degrees F to 110 degrees F for 1 hour or less - until casings are dry. Then add sawdust or wood chips and smoke 100 degrees F to 110 degrees F for 2 hours. Then, raise the smoke house temperature to 165 degrees F to 170 degrees F and smoke until the internal temperature of sausage is 145 degrees F. Cool the sausage at room temperature to 100 degrees F and refrigerate.
ANY SAUSAGE THAT WILL NOT BE CONSUMED IN 1 WEEK SHOULD BE WELL WRAPPED AND FROZEN.
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